Futures Recovery Healthcare

Crack Cocaine Addiction & Risks


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Like any addictive substance, crack cocaine builds increasing levels of tolerance, quickly. Crack cocaine is a type of cocaine that’s been dissolved in an ammonia-water or baking soda-water solution, and then heated to remove the liquids and separate out a solid form of the drug.

As soon as the drug is ingested, it strikes the brain’s mesolimbic dopamine system, forcing the production of the dopamine neurotransmitter.

The affects on the brain work quickly but also quickly pass and include side effects such as:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle cramps
  • Mood swings

Signs and Risks of Crack Cocaine Misuse

Generally speaking, crack cocaine has affects that are both short-term and long-term. There will be a number of physical changes to the body:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Rapid heart rate and breathing rate
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Hyperactivity and agitation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Paranoid behavior
  • Mood swings

Sudden death (as a result of seizures or heart failure because of constricted blood vessels) is also possible with use.

Crack Cocaine Withdrawal Effects

Painful and severe withdrawal symptoms may occur when someone stops taking the substance. Withdrawal symptoms of crack cocaine will generally take the form of:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Oscillating between mild and intense cravings
  • Mood swings and overreactions

Treatment is Possible

Crack cocaine is an especially potent drug. To address the physical aspect of addiction, treatment involves a complex process known as detoxification. In a controlled environment like a treatment facility, and supervised by trained medical personnel.

At Futures, we want to make hope a reality. We provide comprehensive treatment programs that teach our patients how to live a fulfilling and balanced life. Please call us today to speak to one of our trained professionals to find out how we can help you or a loved one.


Our team is here to guide you through your path to recovery.

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